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A preliminary study on Vietnam's printing and packaging industry and its market

before Vietnam began its reform and opening up in the 1980s, Vietnam's printing and packaging industry was in a very backward state. The author was engaged in the study of Vietnam at that time, and often contacted Vietnamese newspapers and magazines (including central newspapers and magazines), and was deeply impressed by the coarseness of its paper and the low printing quality. In the past 10 years or so since the reform and opening up, Vietnam's printing and packaging industry has made great strides; 1 coal is hard to find rdquo; It has become an urgent pre operation progress for all steel mills, which can be said to be a rapid leap in the direction of modernization. In the early 1990s, the printing industry in China has made significant progress in packaging information, printing a variety of exquisite prints. The progress of the packaging industry was once relatively slow, and even the packaging of many export commodities was relatively simple and indifferent. However, the packaging industry has also made rapid progress in recent years, which can be said to be close to the printing industry. The author visited Vietnam's printing and packaging industry with a company in Hong Kong as a translator a few years ago, and recently had a discussion with Vietnamese experts on the topic of Vietnam's printing and packaging industry. Now, combined with the latest information, I will make a preliminary discussion on Vietnam's printing and packaging industry and its market

in recent years, the pre press, printing and post press technologies of Vietnam's printing industry have developed rapidly. First of all, the country has shifted from backward embossing technology to offset printing technology, which can be seen as a major achievement of the reform and opening up of Vietnam's printing industry. Printing enterprises have added modern production lines, including multi-color offset printing machines and the latest web offset printing machines, quite advanced plate making systems and linkage binding books and periodicals production lines. The state helps Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, the two printing industry centers, simultaneously adopt offset printing technology, so as to promote the rapid development of the national printing industry. There are more than 40 sets of high-tech electronic plate making systems in the industry, which are concentrated in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and key cities of the printing industry: Yi'an, Danang and Qinyi City, which basically meet the national plate making needs. Flexographic printing with modern equipment has also made considerable progress

The quality of printing products has made great progress. Books (especially textbooks) and newspapers are printed in many colors, and the quality is very good. Hardcover books have increased from less than 1% of the total number of books published each year to 8%. Now I have come into contact with many printed materials in Vietnam, and I feel that they are not much different from those in China

Vietnam has promulgated the publication law, the law on foreign investment in Vietnam, the government's NQ cp90 document on the socialization of cultural activities and cultural services, and the government's special resolutions and decisions on the cancellation of packaging and printing and printing business licenses. The promulgation of these regulations and documents has led to a significant increase in the number of printing enterprises

since the 1990s, the output growth rate of printing products has exceeded 10% annually, and the number of printed sheets in 2000 exceeded 300billion, which has not been included in the output of private printing enterprises and packaging printing. Although the proportion of book and newspaper printing only accounts for 20% - 25% of the whole industry, it occupies a particularly important position in the printing industry because it is a key product

due to the considerable progress made by the printing industry, it has become one of the six industries with password protection selected by the Vietnamese government that can surpass the development and directly enter modern technology. However, there are still some shortcomings in the development of Vietnam's printing industry, such as spontaneous development, poor investment efficiency, local overcapacity, leading to some printing enterprises not working and the decline of employee income. This shows that the relevant government departments need to strengthen the macro-control of the printing industry after it enters the market economy

plant. In order to match the technical transformation and equipment upgrading, all large printing enterprises have paid attention to the transformation, upgrading and new construction of the plant, and installed equipment to improve the environment and working conditions. The factory buildings account for 20% of the fixed assets of printing enterprises. However, in some small enterprises and local enterprises, the factory buildings have not really reached the standard of industrial enterprise factory buildings. This is because many small enterprises are poorly equipped enterprises, which are difficult to obtain government and foreign investment

technology. To gradually realize offset printing in the printing industry, we should first focus on the printing process, followed by plate making, post press processing and special finishing. In terms of geography, we should concentrate on the modernization of offset printing technology in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh, the two central cities of the printing industry, and strengthen the technical capacity of key printing enterprises to meet the printing needs of various regions. Due to insufficient funds and other reasons, Vietnam can only adopt this strategy of gradual promotion

10 years, the printing industry has made great progress in technology, but the pre press and post press processes are still relatively backward and have not developed synchronously. Chinese enterprises should pay attention to selling prepress and post press equipment to Vietnam in the future. There is still a big gap between the printing technology of enterprises in various regions of Vietnam and that of the two major cities. It is confirmed by the State Intellectual Property Office that the technical level of workers is not high enough to master new technology

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